For the purpose of these rules and regulations, the following interpretations shall apply:
"all eligible breeds" means all breeds of Retrievers, and Irish Water Spaniels, poodles, Airedale Terriers, and Barbets
"Area of fall" means the area around the spot where the bird lands, which is the center of the area of fall. The dog is allowed a reasonable radius of the fall in which to hunt out the bird.
"blind retrieve" means a bird that has been planted while the dog is out of sight (the dog must retrieve the bird by following whistle, arm and voice signals from his handler)
"Board" means the Board of Directors of The Canadian Kennel Club.
"breaking" means a dog that leaves told retrieve a mark or blind before the handler has been told to "send him" by the judges.
"bye dog" means a dog that is not entered in the test or an out of contention dog that will pick up marks to allow the last honouring dog to be tested.
"call back" means dogs that have successfully completed the test to the satisfaction of the judges are called back to continue the testing (dogs that have failed any part of the testing are not called back to continue running)
"cast" means when the dog has been given a hand signal to go over or back
"CKC" means the Canadian Kennel Club
"Club" means the club or association officially recognized by the Canadian Kennel Club
"club" means the club or association officially accredited by the Canadian Kennel Club.
"complainant" means any person who had laid a charge or complaint against another person, partnership, company or organization relative to contravention of these rules, regulations, procedures and policies of the Canadian Kennel Club.
"controlled break" means what happens when a dog breaks but is quickly stopped by the handler and then sent by the handler to retrieve after being told to do so by the judge.
Light Cover - approximately ankle deep and not too thick
Moderate Cover - usually between ankle and knee deep cover, clover, vetch, hay
Heavy Cover - a hard going for the dog such as deep grass, bull-rushes or mud
"debar" means to prohibit a person from participating in any competition or other activities directed, sanctioned, sponsored or authorized by The Canadian Kennel Club if held under its auspices or under any of its rules and regulations
"defendant" means any person, partnership, company or organization against whom a charge or complaint has been laid, relative to the contravention of these rules, regulations, procedures and policies of The Canadian Kennel Club
"deliver to hand" means the dog shall deliver the bird to the handler, give it up willingly without dropping it and should stand or sit close to his handler at the line determined by the judge.
"deprive of privileges" means to deprive a nonmember of all privileges accorded to non-members of The Canadian Kennel Club, including the use of the Head Office
"dog" means a purebred dog of either sex "downwind" means when the wind is blowing from behind the dog so that the dog cannot acquire the scent of the bird..
"downwind" means when the wind is blowing from behind the dog so that the dog cannot acquire the scent of the bird.
"draw" means the random selection of the running order of the entrants.
"entrant" means the individual, or if a partnership, all the members of the partnership, entering in a hunt test.
"expel" means to termination of membership in The Canadian Kennel Club and depriving the person so expelled from all privileges of the Canadian Kennel Club.
"freeze" means a dog holding a bird tightly in his mouth and refusing to release it to the handler; or locking onto a mark or thrower and not turning to see the fall or another mark.
"gallery" means anyone watching the test including owners, handlers and spectators (Gallery etiquette includes being quiet while a dog is on line and working and not being distractive when a handler is trying to handle the dog on a blind/ mark)
"good standing" means an individual who is not under suspension, deprivation, debarment or who has not forfeited his rights from The Canadian Kennel Club
"handler" means the person handling the dog in the hunt test.
"Head Office" means the office at which the business of the Canadian Kennel Club is carried out on a regular and ongoing basis
"heavy cover" means hard going for the dog such as deep grass, bull-rushes or mud.
"holding blind" means a hiding place from which the dog cannot see the test (the dog that is next to run remains in the holding blind until it is its turn to run)
"honour" means a test of steadiness in which a dog observes another dog's work.
"immediate family" means spouse, father, mother, son, daughter, brother, sister, grandparents and significant other.
"light cover" means approximately ankle deep and not too thick cover.
"line" means the area designated by the judges from where the dogs will run the test.
"mark" means a bird that is thrown so that the dog can see it in the air and where it lands.
"marshal" means the person who helps the judges in setting-up the test and is in charge of communications between the judges and handlers.
"no bird" means a bird that has landed in the wrong place or one that was not thrown high enough to be clearly visible to the dog. On a mark, either judge can call a no-bird and the handler must control his dog and remove him from the line.
"owner" means the owner or owners as stated on the registration certificate of the dog.
"popping" means when the dog stops and looks back at the handler for instruction on either a mark or a blind without being told to do so by the handler.
"Suspend" means to deprive a member, for the period ordered, of all the privileges of The Canadian Kennel Club.
"switching" means when a dog starts out to retrieve one bird, reaches the area of the fall, hunts for the bird, then, not being able to find the bird, leaves the area of the fall and goes to the area of the fall for another mark.
"test dog" means a dog that is not entered in the test or an out of contention dog that is run prior to the test, and that if possible, should not be overqualified.
"under judgement" means a dog is under judgement from the time the handler says he is ready until the bird has been delivered to the handler and returned to the judges. In the WCI and WCX tests the dog is under judgement as soon as he leaves the holding blind to come to line. Judging is continuous until the dog leaves the line (a handler should not touch his dog at any time while it is under judgement in either WCI or WCX)
"upwind" means the dog is facing into the wind so that the dog can acquire the scent of the bird.
"working certificate test" is a general term which includes all the different test levels (WC, WCI, WCX) that may be offered.
"Working Certificate Test" (WC) means the Working Certificate Test level which is offered at working certificate tests.
"Working Certificate Intermediate Test" (WCI) means the Working Certificate Intermediate Test level which is offered at working certificate tests.
"Working Certificate Excellent Test" (WCX) means the Working Certificate Excellent Test level which is offered at working certificate tests.
This rulebook shall be read with all applicable changes in gender so that the masculine shall include the feminine and vice versa, and the singular shall include the plural if applicable.
1.2 Working Certificate Tests Defined & Classified (Table of Contents)